Monkeys originated in two main regions of the world and are grouped as Old World monkeys and New World monkeys. Old World monkeys are from the eastern countries and continents, including Africa, Asia, Japan and India. New World monkeys can be found in tropical and subtropical countries in the West, including Mexico, Central America and South America.
Old World Monkeys
Old World monkeys live in a variety of biomes including tropical rainforests, islands, steppes, mountains and savannas. The Old World monkeys include guenons, which are found in the trees of arboreal forests and sometimes in wetlands; mangabeys, which live in the tropical rainforests of Africa; macaques, which live in trees and are the most widely distributed of the monkeys; baboons, which are very adaptable to different habitats and can be found on savannas, in trees, on cliff faces and other habitats; and colobus monkeys, which can be found in coastal and cloud forests in Africa.
New World Monkeys
Most New World monkeys have prehensile tails and use them to travel through the canopies of tropical rainforests. Woolly monkeys are found in the trees of all types of Amazon rainforests in South America; spider monkeys hang out in trees and range as far north as Mexico and as far south as South America; howler monkeys live in tall rainforests in Central and South America, where they walk from tree to tree instead of swinging and jumping; capuchins are small monkeys that are nimble in trees in Latin America; and squirrel monkeys live in rainforests of Central and South America.
- San Diego Zoo: Monkey
- Encyclopedia Brittanica: Guenon
- Encyclopedia Brittanica: Mangabey
- Georgia State University Viral Immunology Center: Macaque Monkeys
- African Wildlife Federation: Colobus Monkey
- African Wildlife Federation: Baboons
- University of Wisconsin: Woolly monkey Lagothrix
- National Geographic: Spider Monkeys
- Rainforest Alliance: Howler Monkey
- Rainforest Alliance: Capuchin Monkey
- Photo Credit Anup Shah/Digital Vision/Getty Images Ram0208/iStock/Getty Images
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